All about diabetes
Several people around the world are affected by Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes. This is a chronic disease. This is identified by high blood sugar over a perpetual period of time. When you are affected by diabetes, you should immediately contact the Specialist Doctor for Diabetes. Nowadays, they are available online and you can easily find the right doctor for treating your diabetes. Let’s see about diabetes in detail.
- Polyuria (controlled urination)
- Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
- Polyphagia (increased appetite)
- Extreme fatigue
- Slow healing of the Cuts and bruises
- Blurry vision
- Unexplained weight loss
When the symptoms persist, it is ideal to go to the Specialist Doctor for Diabetes. They will help in the diagnosis of the disease. You will be asked to do the glycated haemoglobin test (HbA1C). This will provide blood sugar control over the past 2-3 months. When you get the result as 6.5% and above, it is considered diabetes. These tests will have to be done once in every three months. With this test, we will also get to know whether the medications are working properly and the blood sugar is under control.
Types of diabetes
Diabetes is of three types and they are Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes. Let’s see them in detail.
Type 1 diabetes
It is otherwise known as ‘insulin-dependent’ diabetes. The cause of this is that the pancreas stops the production of a sufficient amount of insulin. It is also known as ‘juvenile-onset’ as it normally begins during childhood. Only 5% of the people in the world are suffering from this disease. The exact cause of this disease is unknown. It is considered that it occurs when the immune system while fighting against the harmful viruses damages the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. For the proper function of the body, the insulin needs to be injected through the fatty tissue of the abdomen. The treatment includes the control of hyperglycemia. The balance of diet and insulin is required to keep the blood sugar under control. If hyperglycemia is not treated, then the body breaks down the fats instead of glucose which results in the acid in your blood. If not treated properly, it could be fatal.
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Type 2 diabetes
Most of the diabetes patients across the world fall under this category. Hence, it is common diabetes. This is identified by insulin resistance in your body. Genetics and lifestyle are the causes of this type of diabetes. Though it is less life-threatening, if not treated, it could affect your kidneys, eyes, and nerves thereby it causes major complexities in the body. The Specialist Doctor for Diabetes will advise you to go for a change in lifestyle, taking friendly diet, and to reach and maintain the optimum body weight. Apart from physically active, you also need to maintain a BMI that is ideal for your body. When you have type 2 diabetes, you might be faced with certain episodes of hypoglycaemia which needs the intake of quick-acting carbohydrates i.e. sugary drink that could be a cereal bar.
This is caused in women when they are 6 months pregnant. Certain hormones made by the placenta boost the blood sugar levels. The pregnancy triggers insulin resistance in your body that results in the onset of the disease. As it is set during the pregnancy, it will affect both the mother and the child. So should follow the doctor’s advice which might include special meal plans, adequate physical activity, and insulin injection. The women who suffer from gestational diabetes are prone to type 2 diabetes. Hence, regular control of blood sugar is essential to avoid it.
Thus, you have seen about diabetes and if you are affected by it, please consult your doctor today!