What is Oligospermia (low sperm count): Symptoms/Signs, Causes, Treatment in Gurgaon

Wondering What is Oligospermia?

Low Sperm Count (oligospermia) is a condition characterized by decreased sperm concentration in semen. As per WHO, a sperm count as low as 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen can affect the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Different low sperm count signs and symptoms of oligospermia are mainly observed due to chromosomal abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, or even blockage of ducts. Oligospermia treatment is known to improve sperm numbers and quality. 

It’s a fact that a single sperm indeed is enough to fertilize the ovum. However, the journey of sperms starts with more than 250 million sperms ejaculated from the urethra. But only a few hundreds of them move towards the ovum and only one sperm fuses with the ovum. Studies show that low sperm count signs can create less motile sperms and in turn, it can affect the chances of conception. Usually, people who get diagnosed with oligospermia also ask questions like if being infertile is permanent or if infertility can be cured.

This article covers the following:

What is Oligospermia (Low Sperm Count)? Low sperm count signs or oligospermia, means that the ejaculated semen contains fewer sperms than normal. The normal sperm count during ejaculation ranges from 15 million to greater than 200 million sperm per milliliter of semen (million sperm/mL).

Diagnosis of oligospermia is done by a semen analysis that can help find the sperm count. Oligospermia can be classified into three different types depending on the number of sperms present in the semen. They are:

How common is oligospermia? According to W.H.O’s multicentre study, around 30-40% of infertility is because of male infertility factors, and almost 45% of infertile males are known to be affected by oligospermia or low sperm concentration.

Oligospermia and infertility overview now that we know what oligospermia is, let’s understand how the low sperm count signs are linked with fertility problems. When the couple is unable to attain pregnancy after trying for more than a year, the couple is diagnosed with infertility.

It is observed that men with low sperm count do face problems with fertility as the sperm cannot fertilize with the egg and it takes more attempts for fertilization than the normal fertile couples.

In some cases, oligospermia can cause low sperm motility; A condition where the sperms fail to swim through to reach and fertilize the egg. This is because only a few thousands of eggs reach the fallopian tubes and the rest disintegrate or die in the process. Of the few thousand that reach the fallopian tubules, and few hundreds come closer to the ovum. This number decreases even more in the case of low sperm count and this is how oligospermia works causing less motile sperms and fertility issues.

morphologically poor sperms and sperms with abnormal morphology can cause problems with fertility.

Certain studies of the male reproductive system and andrology have shown that psychological stress can interfere in the spermatogenesis process (production of sperms) and reduce the testosterone levels that can cause low sperm count signs and infertility.

  1. Symptoms/Signs of Oligospermia

In couples who are unable to conceive, this medical condition called oligospermia can be diagnosed. Following are the symptoms of oligospermia.

  1. What are the causes of Oligospermia?

Adequate sperm production is ensured when the hormonal glands and testes function normally. The sperms produced in the testicles are stored in the epididymis and transported via delicate tubes along with semen while ejaculation. Problems in the system of production and transportation lead to oligospermia causing low sperm count signs. Causes of oligospermia include:

  1. Complications and Risk Factors

Certain risk factors are known to be associated with low sperm count signs. They are:

How does oligospermia cause miscarriages? Oligospermia does not directly cause miscarriages, but fertilization of the ovum with sperm having improper shape, size, DNA, and motility can lead to miscarriage.

Oligospermia Treatment in Gurgaon Diagnostic tests for oligospermia are sperm analysis, testicular biopsy, Ultrasound, hormone tests, genetic analysis, etc. These tests help to find the exact causes of oligospermia that can help devise an accurate treatment plan.  

After proper diagnosis, the following options can be considered as a treatment for oligospermia. 

For common questions like can severe oligospermia be cured or how to manage oligospermia, there are varied treatment options available to address this medical condition. Connect with specialists and andrologists at Dr. Monga Mediclinic who would help you with accurate diagnosis to find the right cause and provide you with the right oligospermia treatment.

Takeaway

It is said that only one sperm is required to fertilize the ovum but it takes millions of sperm that can increase the chances of fertilization. Low sperm count signs can reduce the fertilization probabilities and lead to difficulty in having a child. However, the first line of treatment for oligospermia is found through assessing the symptoms of oligospermia at the best fertility center. Once the Andrologists analyze the low sperm count signs, detailed tests confirm the exact causes of oligospermia, and the treatment process becomes easy. Technical advancements in treatments have enhanced the success rates as well as helped many overcome low sperm count signs.

Dr. Monga Mediclinic connects cutting-edge technology with experienced hands to give the best results. We, at Dr. Monga Mediclinic, offer a full suite of embryology and andrology fertility services in a convenient manner to treat all conditions of infertility in men and women. Connect with our specialists at Dr. Monga Mediclinic for an entire module of assessment and treatment for oligospermia.